Washington DC: United States, 1861. Original. Ribbon. TEMPORARILY DISCOUNTED. WAS $1,650. NOW $400. A Certified copy of a LAND GRANT OF 160 ACRES OF REAL ESTATE IN THE STATE OF MICHIGAN Secretarily signed by "Abraham Lincoln" dated May 10, 1861, relatively soon after Lincoln was sworn in as the 16th President of the United States of America (on March 4, 1861), and thus being an action taken by Lincoln early in his inaugural Presidential Term. The Grant was given to William Halworth(?) who served in the Black Hawk War and was assigned by him to PATRICK GREEGAN. Interestingly, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, WHO AS PRESIDENT MADE THIS LAND GRANT ALSO SERVED IN THE BLACK HAWK WAR, A WAR IN WHICH JEFFERSON DAVIS [LATER THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY] ALSO SERVED. [Per Britannica: "Black Hawk War, brief but bloody war from April to August 1832 between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk (Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak), a 65-year-old Sauk warrior who in early April led some 1,000 Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo men, women, and children, including about 500 warriors, across the Mississippi River to reclaim land in Illinois that tribal spokesmen had surrendered to the U.S. in 1804. The band’s crossing back into Illinois spurred fear and anger among white settlers, and eventually a force of some 7,000 mobilized against them—including members of the U.S. Army, state militias, and warriors from various other Indian peoples. Some 450–600 Indians and 70 soldiers and settlers were killed during the war. By 1837 all surrounding tribes had fled to the West, leaving most of the former Northwest Territory to white settlement. Among those who participated in various roles during the war were a number of men who would figure prominently in U.S. history, including future U.S. presidents Abraham Lincoln and Zachary Taylor, longtime military leader and presidential candidate Winfield Scott, and Jefferson Davis, who would become president of the Confederate States of America."
The Black Hawk War gave Abraham Lincoln his brief military service, although he saw no combat. [Other participants who would later become famous included Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, Jefferson Davis and James Clyman. The war gave impetus to the U.S. policy of Indian removal, in which Native American tribes were pressured to sell their lands and move west of the Mississippi River to reside.]
The first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as the 16th president of the United States was held on Monday, March 4, 1861, at the East Portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. This was the 19th inauguration and marked the commencement of the first, and eventually only full term of Abraham Lincoln as president and the only term of Hannibal Hamlin as vice president. The presidential oath of office was administered to Lincoln by Roger B. Taney, the Chief Justice of the United States. John C. Breckinridge became the first outgoing vice president to administer the vice-presidential oath of office to his successor.
This was the first time Lincoln appeared in public with a beard, which he had begun growing after being elected president, in response to a written request by 11-year-old Grace Bedell. This effectively made him the first president to have any facial hair beyond sideburns.
Per an Article by Kimberly Powell [Powell, Kimberly. "Bounty Land Warrants." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/bounty-land-warrants-1422328.]:
"Bounty land warrants were grants of free land issued to veterans in return for military service from the time of the Revolutionary War through 1855 in the United States." By Kimberly Powell [Updated on April 28, 2019]
Bounty land warrants were grants of free land issued to veterans in return for military service from the time of the Revolutionary War through 1855 in the United States. They contained the surrendered warrant, a letter of assignment if the warrant was transferred to another individual, and other papers pertaining to the transaction.
What Are Bounty Land Warrants in Detail
Bounty land is a grant of free land from a government given to citizens as a reward for service to their country, generally for military-related service. Most bounty-land warrants in the United States were given to veterans or their survivors for wartime military service performed between 1775 and 3 March 1855. This includes veterans who served in the American Revolution, the War of 1812 and the Mexican War.
Bounty land warrants weren't automatically issued to every veteran who served. The veteran first had to apply for a warrant and then, if the warrant was granted, he could use the warrant to apply for a land patent. The land patent is the document which granted him ownership of the land. Bounty land warrants could also be transferred or sold to other individuals.
They were also used as a way to provide evidence of military service, especially in cases where a veteran or his widow did not apply for a pension
How They Were Awarded
Revolutionary War bounty land warrants were first awarded through an act of Congress on 16 September 1776. They were last awarded for military service in 1858, although the ability to claim bounty land previously earned extended until 1863. A few claims that were tied up in the courts caused lands to be granted as late as 1912.
What You Can Learn From Bounty Land Warrants
A bounty land warrant application for a veteran of the Revolutionary War, War of 1812 or the Mexican War will include the individual's rank, military unit and period of service. It will also generally provide his age and place of residence at the time of application. If the application was made by the surviving widow, it will usually include her age, place of residence, the date and place of marriage, and her maiden name." [END OF POWELL ARTICLE]. Very Good. Item #3813