Civil War: ORIGINAL List of Persons Liable to Military Duty [Union Army]

Civil War: ORIGINAL List of Persons Liable to Military Duty [Union Army]

Stebbins, J. M. [Sheriff of Kenosha County, Wisconsin [on behalf of the Union Army]

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Place Published: Kenosha County, Wisconsin, USA
Publisher: J. M. Stebbins Sheriff of Kenosha County, Wisconsin [on behalf of the Union Army]
Date Published: 1862
Condition: Very good
Book Id: 26

Description

RARE ORIGINAL LIST OF PERSONS LIABLE TO MILITARY DUTY in the Union Army resulting from a survey conducted in the town of Somers, Wisconsin by the Sheriff of Kenosha County, Wisconsin between August 14, 1862 and August 21, 1862. The list thus produced contains 166 names, beginning with entry 77 and ending with entry 242 -- indicating that the first two pages have been removed. Each page present is signed at the bottom: "J. M. Stebbins Sheriff". [Stebbins served two nonconsecutive terms as Sheriff, being first elected in 1860. He also served as an Alderman and as a Justice of the Peace.]The document measures approximately 21 inches X 17 inches and contains information on the names individual's occupation, marital status, and any reason given by those surveyed justifying exemption from service.While the document is missing the first two pages, it otherwise is complete and constitutes a REMARKABLE SURVIVAL OF THE MOST TUMULTUOUS TIME OF AMERICA'S HISTORY.FURTHER NOTES OF INTEREST:The seven states of the upper middle west: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin sent over one million men to serve in the Union army while providing much of the food and raw materials necessary for the northern states to carry on the war.Per capita, Wisconsin sent more young men to the Civil War than did any other state in the Union and lost over 12,000 of them to death in battle, by wound resulting in Post-battle death, or by illness/disease.While the Union did not conscript soldiers until passage of the Enrollment Act in1863, in 1862 President Lincoln called for the addition of 300,000 soldiers to the Union army. Each State in the Union was assigned a quota, with the method of meeting its quota being left to each State.Such call for additional soldiers from each Union State produced the Wisconsin list of eligible soldiers described above.As Lincoln's call for additional volunteers failed to produce a sufficient number of additional soldiers, on March 3, 1863 Congress passed "An Act for enrolling and calling out the national Forces, and for other Purposes", thereby establishing a draft of men between the ages of twenty and forty-five. Each Congressional District was given a quota. The number of men already enrolled from a District reduced the number of soldiers required to be provided by that District and, if the District then failed to provide the additional men to meet its quota, the District wild face a draft. Those who did not meet one of the few exemptions would be required to serve in the Union Army or to pay $300.00 (a tremendous amount in those days) to avoid service. (Although President Lincoln was exempted from service due to his age, he voluntarily paid the fee so that a soldier would serve in his stead.)The document remains in decent condition with general edge wear as well as some tears and some loss at the edges. IMAGES AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.



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