Generic Inscription and Signature on a Slip of Paper

Generic Inscription and Signature on a Slip of Paper

Buchanan, Franklin

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Price: $425.00


Place Published: No Place of Publication Stated
Publisher: Admiral Franklin Buchanan
Date Published: Undated
Binding: No binding
Condition: Near fine
Book Id: 683

Description

A small slip of paper measuring approximately 4 3/4 inches X 2 inches, SIGNED BY CONFEDERATE NAVY ADMIRAL FRANKLIN BUCHANAN reading as follows: "Respectfully / Frankn. Buchanan / Admiral, C.S.N.", written entirely in Buchanan's hand. The age-toned slip is in Near Fine condition with some age toning and with some pencil notes to the verso. Franklin Buchanan fought in the Mexican&American War, and in the American Civil War. A navy man of great ability, in 1845 Buchanan, at the request of the U.S. Secretary of the Navy, submitted plans proposing a naval school which would lead to the creation of the United States Naval Academy that very year; for his efforts, he was appointed the first Superintendent of the Naval School - its first name - where he served in 1845-1847. As the Civil War became imminent, Buchanan, expecting his home State of Maryland to eventually secede from the Union, resigned his commission on April 22, 1861. When Maryland stayed in the Union, Buchanan attempted to recall his resignation, but U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles, considering Buchanan to be at best a half-hearted patriot and not wanting him in the US Navy, refused to reinstate Buchanan who then, in 1861, joined the Confederate States Navy and was given the rank of Captain. Buchanan then fought on the Rebel side, including in the critical Battle of Hampton Roads [often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack -- the latter ship being also referred to as the "CSS Virginia" -- or the "Battle of Ironclads"], an encounter that was likely the most noted, and perhaps the most important, naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies -- with Buchanan commanding the Merrimack (until injured by a bullet to his leg as he stood on the ship's deck while furiously firing toward shore with a carbine as his ship was being shelled which injury necessitated his turning command over to another). Buchanan was then promoted to the rank of Admiral for his exploits that day, making him the first Admiral in the Confederacy. Buchanan also fought in the Battle of Mobile Bay wherein a Union fleet commanded by Rear Admiral David G. Farragut, assisted by a contingent of soldiers, attacked the smaller Confederate fleet led by the then Admiral Franklin Buchanan and three forts that guarded the entrance to Mobile Bay. The smaller Confederate Fleet was reduced to a single vessel, the ironclad CSS Tennessee commanded by Buchanan. Rather than retire from the battle, Buchanan and the CSS Tennessee valiantly battled the entire Union Fleet but lost the battle. Lacking naval support, the nearby Confederate forts were then unable to resist the superior Union Forces and soon surrendered, giving the Union control over the last important port in the Gulf of Mexico then-remaining east of the Mississipi river, which naval victory, along with the Union capture of Atlanta, greatly boosted Lincoln's reelection bid. In spite of his having fought for the losing side in its war against the Union, Buchanan's skill and his contributions to the US Navy have been honored.Three U.S. Navy destroyers have been named in his honor, and the Superintendent's quarters at the United States Naval Academy was named the Buchanan House in his honor. In our experience, items signed by Admiral Buchanan, the only Admiral the Rebel Navy ever had, are QUITE SCARCE INDEED.


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By This Author: Buchanan, Franklin
By This Publisher: Admiral Franklin Buchanan

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